Ulcerative colitis is a gastrointestinal condition - a type of inflammatory bowel disease - that only occurs in the colon. It generally starts in the rectum (the final section of the colon before the anus) and may affect just a small section of the colon, or it may spread to the entire length of the colon.
Common symptoms of ulcerative colitis include...
- Rectal bleeding.
- Mucous discharge.
- Urgency to have a bowel movement.
Diagnosis is via colonoscopy and taking tissue samples (biopsies) from an affected section of the colon.
Where the condition is severe or complicated, surgery is often recommended, however in less severe cases the condition can be treated using medication, either taken by mouth or delivered using enemas.