Modern surgical techniques employed to correct rectal prolapse involve surgery either via the anus or via the abdomen.
The main technique used today is known as a 'laparoscopic ventral rectopexy'. It is a minimally invasive / keyhole surgery technique where small incisions are made, through which a section of synthetic mesh is positioned between the rear part of the vagina and the front of the rectum. This section of mesh stops a total prolapse occurring through the anus.
A laparoscopic ventral rectopexy is performed under general anaesthetic and generally a hospital stay of 2-3 days is needed after surgery. Recurrence of the condition occurs in less than 5% of cases after the procedure.